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    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah

    AlJna
    AlJna
    نائب المدير العام
    نائب المدير العام


    الجنس : ذكر
    الانتساب الانتساب : 19/06/2009
    العمر العمر : 28
    المساهمات المساهمات : 14331
    نقاط التميز نقاط التميز : 31718
    تقيم المستوى تقيم المستوى : 99

    default How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah

    مُساهمة من طرف AlJna 2010-07-03, 10:32 pm


    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah 81011
    Preface


    Praise
    be
    to Allah, Lord of the Universe. May peace and blessings be upon
    Muhammad,
    the last of the prophets and messengers, and upon his family
    and
    esteemed companions. Hajj is one of the best forms of worship and
    is
    one of the most sublime deeds because it is one of the pillars of
    Islam
    that Allah sent Muhammad-may the peace and blessings of Allah be
    upon
    him-with. A servant's religion is incomplete without it. A form of
    worship
    is only acceptable when the following is true.
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    One
    devotes it
    to Allah alone, with a desire for the Hereafter. It cannot
    be done
    with the intention of being seen among people or for worldly
    gain.
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    One follows the
    Prophet's example, in words and deeds. This cannot be accomplished
    except by gaining knowledge of the Sunnah.

    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorrule
    Forms of
    Pilgrimage




    There are three forms
    of Hajj: Tamattu', Ifraad and Qiran.
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    Tamattu':
    A
    pilgrim wears Ihram for Umrah only during the months of Hajj, which
    means
    when a pilgrim reaches Makkah, he/she makes Tawaf and Sa'yi for
    Umrah.
    Then shaves or clips the hair. On the day of Tarwiya, which is
    the
    eighth of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim puts on his Ihram for Hajj only and
    carries
    out all of its requirements.
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    Ifraad:
    A
    pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only. When he reaches Makkah, he
    performs
    Tawaf for his arrival and Sa'yi for Hajj. He doesn't shave or
    clip
    his hair as he doesn't disengage from Ihram. Instead, he remains
    in
    Ihram till after he stones Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day. It is
    permissible
    for him to postpone his Sa'yi for Hajj until after his
    Tawaf for
    Hajj.
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    Qiran:
    A
    pilgrim wears Ihram for both Umrah and Hajj or he wears Ihram first
    for
    Umrah, then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf for Hajj.
    The
    obligations on one performing Ifraad are the same as those on one
    performing
    Qiran, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the
    former is
    not obligated to do so. The best of the three forms is
    Tamattu'. It
    is the form that the prophet-may the peace and blessings
    of Allah be
    upon him encouraged his followers to perform.
    Even
    if a pilgrim makes intentions to
    perform Qiran or Ifraad he is allowed
    to change his intentions to
    Tamattu'; he can do this even after he has
    performed Tawaf and Sa'yi.

    When
    the Prophet - may the peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon him-
    performed Tawaf and Sa'yi during the
    year of the Farewell Hajj with his
    companions, he ordered all those
    who hadn't brought sacrificial animals
    to change their intentions for
    Hajj to intentions for Umrah. cut their
    hair, and disengage from
    Ihram till Hajj. He said, " If I hadn't
    brought the sacrificial
    animal, I'd have done what I've ordered you to
    do."

    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorrule

    The Umrah



    If
    a pilgrim wishes to be
    ritually pure for Umrah, he should shed his
    clothing and bathe as he
    would after sexual defilement, if convenient.
    He should perfume his
    head and beard with the best oil he can find.
    There is no harm in
    what remains of it after Ihram.


    Bathing
    for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women,
    including menstruating
    women and those experiencing postnatal
    bleeding. After bathing and
    preparing himself, a. pilgrim, other than
    those menstruating or
    experiencing post- natal bleeding, prays the
    obligatory prayer, if it
    is time. Otherwise, he makes his intention
    by praying the two Sunnah
    Rakass whichare made each time Wudhu is
    performed.

    When
    he
    finishes his prayer he should say: "Here I am for Umrah--here I am,
    Oh
    Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely
    all
    praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no
    partner."
    [Talbeeyah]. A man raises his voice when saying this and a woman says it
    so that only one beside her may hear her.


    One
    in Ihram should say the Talbeeyah as often
    as possible, especially when
    times and places change. For example:
    when descending or ascending
    during travel or when day or night
    approach. He should also ask Allah
    for His pleasure, for Heaven and
    seek refuge in Allah's mercy from
    Hellfire.

    One
    should say the Talbeeyah during
    Umrah, starting from the time he puts
    on his Ihram till he starts
    Tawaf. During Hajj he should say it
    starting from the time he puts on
    his Ihram till he starts to stone
    Jamrah
    Al- Aqaba on the Eid
    day.

    When
    a pilgrim
    enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth his right foot first and
    says:
    "In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the
    Messenger
    of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the
    doors of
    Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and in His
    Eminent
    Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan." He
    approaches
    the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses
    it. If
    this isn't possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to
    it.
    It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by
    other
    people.


    When
    touching
    the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following: "In the name of
    Allah,
    Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah, with faith in you, belief in
    Your
    book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet
    Muhammad--may
    the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him."

    A
    pilgrim must walk, keeping the
    Ka'bah on his left. When he reaches the
    Rukn Al Yamani he should
    touch, but not kiss it, and say: " Our Lord,
    grant us good in this
    life and good in the hereafter and save us from
    the punishment of the
    Hell-fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness
    and health in this
    life and in the Hereafter." Each time he passes the
    Black Stone he
    should say: "Allah is the Greatest."

    During
    the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he
    pleases of supplications,
    mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran.
    This is because Tawaf,
    Sa'yi, and Stoning the Jamrah have been
    devised for the purpose of
    mentioning Allah. During this Tawaf it is
    necessary for a man to do two
    things:
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    Al-ldhtebaa'
    from
    the beginning of Tawaf until the end. Al-ldhtebaa' means placing
    the
    middle of one's Reda' under his right arm and the ends of it over
    his
    left shoulder. When he is finished performing Tawaf, he may return
    his
    Reda' to its original state because the time for Idhtebaa' is only
    during
    Tawaf.
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    Al-Raml
    during
    the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up one's pace
    with
    small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his
    last
    four circuits. When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he
    approaches
    Maqam Ibrahim and recites: "And take ye the station of
    Abraham as a
    place of Prayer" Chapter 2, Verse 125 [2:125]. He prays
    two short
    Rakaas, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam
    Ibrahim.
    During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter
    109] and
    during the second one Surah Al- lkhlas[Chapter 112]. When he
    completes
    the two Rakaas he should return to the Black Stone and touch
    it, if
    convenient. He goes out to the Mesa'a and when he nears As-Safaa
    he
    recites: " Verily As- Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines of
    Allah"
    [2:158].
    He
    ascends As-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka'bah.
    Facing the Ka'bah
    and raising his hands, he praises Allah and makes
    any supplications he
    chooses. The Prophet--may the peace and
    blessings of Allah be upon
    him--prayed thus: "There is no Deity but
    Allah alone," three times,
    supplicating in between.

    He
    descends As-Safaa and heads for Al-
    Marwah at a normal pace until he
    reaches the green marker. He should
    then run fast until the next green
    marker. He continues toward Al-
    Marwah at a normal pace. When he
    reaches it, he ascends it, faces the
    Qibla, raises his hands and
    repeats what he said on As-Safaa. He
    descends Al-Marwah heading towards
    As-Safaa, taking care to walk
    where walking is designated, and run
    where running is designated.

    He
    continues this procedure until he
    completes seven laps. Going from
    As-Safaa to Al-Marwah is a lap and
    returning is another lap. During his
    Sa'yi he may recite what he
    wills of supplications, recitation of
    Qur'an, and mentioning Allah.

    In
    completion of Sa'yi he shaves his
    head. A woman clips her hair the
    length of a finger tip. Shaving is
    preferable, except when Hajj is near
    and there isn't sufficient time
    for hair to grow back. In this case
    it's best to clip so that hair
    will remain for shaving during Hajj.
    With that, Umrah is completed.
    and a pilgrim is free to dress in other
    clothing, wear perfume and
    engage in marital relations, etc.

    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorrule

    The Hajj



    In
    the forenoon of the eighth day
    of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim purifies
    himself once again by bathing as
    he did before Umrah in the place in
    which he is staying, if
    convenient. He puts on his Ihram and says: "
    Here I am for Hajj. Here
    I am, oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have
    no partner. Here I
    am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours,
    and you have no
    partners."

    If
    he fears
    that something will prevent him from completing his Hajj he
    should
    make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying: " If I am
    prevented
    by any obstacle my place is wherever I am held up." If he has
    no
    such fear, he doesn't make this condition.

    A
    pilgrim goes to Mina and there prays Dhuhr, Asr,
    Magrib, Isha and Fajr,
    shortening his four unit prayers so as to make
    them two units each,
    without combining them.

    When
    the sun rises, he goes to Arafah
    and there prays Dhuhr and Asr combined
    at the time of Dhuhr, making
    each one two units. He remains in Namira
    Mosque until sunset if
    possible. He remembers Allah and makes as many
    supplications as
    possible while facing the Qibla. The Prophet-may the
    peace and
    blessing of Allah be upon him-prayed thus: "There is no Deity
    but
    Allah alone. He has no partner. All dominion and praise are His and
    He
    is powerful over all things.

    If
    he grows weary it is permissible for him to engage in
    beneficial
    conversation with his companions or reading what he can
    find of
    beneficial books, especially those concerning Allah's grace
    and
    abundant gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allah. He should
    then
    return to his supplications and be sure to spend the end of the
    day
    deep in supplication because the best of supplication is the
    supplication
    of the day of Arafah.

    At
    sunset
    he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah and there prays Magrib, Isha,
    and
    Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible for him
    to
    combine Magrib and Isha. If he fears that he will not reach
    Muzdalifah
    until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it
    for it is
    not permissible to delay prayer until after midnight. He
    remains
    there, in Muzdalifah, making supplications and remembering
    Allah till
    just before sunrise.

    If
    he
    is weak and cannot handle the crowd during Ar-Ramy, it is
    permissible
    for him to go to Mina at the end of the night to stone the
    Jamrah
    before the arrival of the crowd. Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes
    from
    Muzdalifah
    to Mina. Upon reaching it he does the following:
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    He
    throws seven
    consecutive pebbles at Jamrah Al-Aqaba which is the
    closest monument
    to Makkah, saying: "Allah is the Greatest," as he
    throws each
    pebble.
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    He
    slaughters
    the sacrificial animal, eats some of it, and gives some to
    the poor.
    Slaughter is obligatory on the Mutamati and Qiran.
    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorbul1
    He shaves or clips
    his hair; shaving is preferable. A woman clips her hair the length of a
    finger-tip.
    These three should be done in the above order if
    convenient, but there is no restriction if one precedes another.

    With
    that, one is allowed to come out
    of Ihram. He can wear other clothing
    and do everything that was
    lawful before Ihram except engaging in
    marital relations. He goes to
    Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-lfadha and
    Sa'yi, also for Hajj. It is
    Sunnah to put perfume on before going to
    Makkah.

    With
    the completion of this Tawaf and
    Sa'yi, a pilgrim is allowed to do
    everything that was lawful before
    Ihram, including engaging in marital
    relations. After performing
    Tawaf and Sa'yi, he returns to Mina to
    spend the nights of the
    eleventh and twelfth days there.

    He
    stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of both the
    eleventh and
    twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is
    furthest from
    Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly Jamrah
    Al-Aqaba. Each one
    should be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles
    accompanied by Takbeer.
    He stops after the first and middle Jamrah to
    make supplications facing
    the Qibla. It is not permissible to stone
    before noon on these two
    days. It is best to walk to the Jamrah, but
    riding is permissible.

    If
    he
    is in a hurry after stoning on the twelfth day, he leaves Mina
    before
    sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, which is best, he
    spends
    the night of the thirteenth in Mina and stones that afternoon in
    the
    same
    manner as on the twelfth day.

    When
    he is ready to return to his country, he makes
    Tawaf Al-Wadaa, which is
    seven circuits around the Ka'bah.
    Menstruating women and women
    experiencing postnatal discharge are not
    obligated to perform
    Tawaf Al -Wadaa.

    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorrule

    Visiting The Prophet's Mosque



    1.
    A pilgrim goes to Madina
    before or after Hajj with the intention of
    visiting the Prophet's
    mosque and praying in it. Prayer there is better
    than a thousand
    prayers elsewhere except in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.


    2. Upon reaching the mosque he prays
    two Rakaas of salutation or performs any obligatory prayer that is due.

    3.
    He goes to the grave of the
    Prophet -may the peace and blessings of
    Allah be upon him - and he
    stands before it. He greets him saying the
    "May the peace, mercy, and
    blessings of Allah be upon you, oh Prophet.
    May Allah grant you a
    good reward on behalf of your people. " He takes
    a step or two to his
    right to position himself before Abu-Bakr and
    greets him saying :
    "May the peace, mercy, and blessing of Allah be
    upon you. oh
    Abu-Bakr, Caliph of the Messenger of Allah. May Allah be
    pleased with
    you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's
    people."
    Then he takes a step or two to his right to position himself
    before
    Umar and greets him saying: " May the peace, mercy and blessings
    of
    Allah be upon you, oh Umar, Prince of the believers. May Allah be
    pleased
    with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's
    people."

    4. In a state of purity, he goes to pray
    in Qubaa Mosque.

    5.
    He
    goes to Al-Baqee to visit Uthman's grave- may Allah be pleased with
    him.
    He stands before it and greets him saying: "May the peace, mercy
    and
    blessing of Allah be upon you, oh Uthman- Prince of the believers.
    May
    Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of
    Muhammad's
    people." He greets any other Muslims in Al-Baqee.

    6.
    He goes to Uhud and visits the
    grave of Hamza- may Allah be pleased
    with him- and the other martyrs
    there with him. He greets them and
    preys to Allah to grant them
    forgiveness, mercy, and pleasure.

    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorrule

    Notification



    The following is incumbent upon the
    Muhrim for Hajj or Umrah:


    1.
    That he be committed to Allah's religious obligations upon him such as
    prayer in its time (in congregation for men).

    2.
    That he avoids what Allah has
    prohibited such as obscenity, inequity,
    and disobedience. if anyone
    undertakes Hajj therein. Let there be no
    obscenity, nor wickedness,
    nor wrangling during Hajj ~ [2:197].

    3. That he avoids harming the Muslims with words or actions
    within the Masha'ir or elsewhere.

    4. That he avoids all of the restrictions of Ihram:<blockquote>
    a.
    He shouldn't cause the loss of any
    of his hair or nails. A prick by a
    thorn and the like is
    unobjectionable, even if there is bleeding.


    b.
    He shouldn't perfume himself, his clothing,
    his food or his drink after
    entering Ihram. He should also abstain
    from cleansing himself with
    scented soap. There is no harm in what
    remains of the effect of perfume
    used prior to Ihram.

    c. He shouldn't touch, kiss, etc. his
    spouse out of passion and, even worse, shouldn't have sexual
    intercourse.

    d. He
    shouldn't be wed or propose to a woman for himself or others.

    e. He shouldn't wear gloves, although
    there is no harm in wrapping the hands in cloth. This ruling goes for
    both men and women.
    </blockquote>
    The following pertains specifically to men:<blockquote>

    a.
    He cannot cover his head with
    something that touches it, although there
    is no harm in the use of an
    umbrella, the roof of a car or tent for
    shade. There is also no harm
    in carrying his baggage atop his head.

    b.
    He cannot wear a shirt, turban, hooded cloak
    trousers, or shoes. Only
    if he is unable to obtain an Ezar or sandals
    can he wear trousers or
    shoes.

    c. He cannot wear anything with the same qualities of the
    above mentioned such as an Abea', Qubaa, hat, undershirt, etc.
    </blockquote>
    It
    is permissible for him to wear
    sandals, rings, glasses, a hearing aid.
    a watch, worn on his wrist or
    hung from his neck, or a speech aid. It
    is permissible for him to
    cleanse himself with unscented cleansers and
    to wash and scratch his
    head and body, even if some of his hair falls
    unintentionally. In
    such a case there is no obligation on him because
    of it.

    A
    woman cannot wear a Niqab or
    Burqa'. The Sunnah is for her to uncover
    her face except if men not
    related to her might see her, in which case
    it is obligatory for her
    to cover her face during Ihram and otherwise.
    Allah is the giver of
    success. May His blessings be upon our Prophet
    Muhammad and all of
    his family and companions.


    By the needy before Allah, Muhammad As-Salih Al-Uthaimeen

    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah Acorrule

    Glossary



    Abaya' cloak-like, woolen wrap.
    Abu
    Bakr first Muslim Caliph.
    Al-Baqee' a place in Madina.
    Al-ldhtebaa
    placing the middle of the Reda' under the right arm and the ends ofit
    over the left shoulder during Tawaf.
    Al-lkhlas Chapter 112 of
    theQur'an(Purity of Faith).
    Al-Kafirun Chapter 109 of the Qur'an (
    Those who reject Faith).
    Al-Marwah name of the hillock where a Muslim
    begins Sa'yi.
    Al-Raml walking quickly but with small steps during
    the first three circuits of Tawaf.
    Arafah the most important stop
    during Hajj, located beyond Muzdalifah.
    Ar-Ramy The Stoning.
    As-Safaa
    name of the hillock where a Muslim ends his last lap of Sa'yi.
    Asr
    the afternoon prayer.
    Burqa' a face veil like a Niqab.
    Dhul-Hijja
    the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.
    Dhuhr the noon prayer.
    Eid
    celebration for Muslims.
    Ezaar lower cloth of Ihram.
    Fajr dawn
    prayer.
    Hajj official Muslim pilgrimage to Makkah.
    Hamza one of
    the Prophet's uncles and a martyr during the battle of Uhud.
    Ifraad
    isolated form of Hajj.
    Ihram the ceremonial state of making Hajj or
    the Hajj garments themselves.
    Isha night prayer.
    Jamrah Monument
    in Mina.
    Jamrah Al Aqaba-the monument closest to Makkah.
    Ka'bah
    the house of Allah in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.
    Magrib dusk prayer.
    Maqam
    Ibrahim the stepping stone of the prophet Abraham.
    Mes'aa the
    stretch between As- Safaa and Al - Marwah.
    Masha'ir ceremonial
    shrines.
    Mina one of the ceremonial shrines, a valley near Makkah.
    Muhammad
    the last of the prophets, the prophet of Islam.
    Muhrim a person in
    Ihram.
    Mutamati a pilgrim performing Hajj Tamattu'.
    Muzdalifah one
    of the ceremonial shrines of Hajj, between
    Mina and Arafah.
    Namira
    mosque in Mina.
    Niqab a face veil revealing the eyes through slashes
    Qiran
    a pilgrim performing Hajj Qiran.
    Qibla the direction Muslims face to
    pray.
    Qiraan Accompanied form of Hajj.
    Quba a mosque in Madina,
    used to be on the outskirts.
    Qur'an the Book of Allah.
    Rakaa a
    unit of prayer.
    Reda' the upper cloth of Ihram.
    Rukn Al Yamani-the
    corner of the Ka'bah which faces Yemen.
    Sa'yi the walk made between
    As-Safaa and Al -Marwah.
    Sunnah way of the Prophet.
    Surah a
    chapter of the Qur'an.
    Takbeer saying "Allahu Akbar ("Allah is
    Greatest")
    Talbeeya the supplication a Muslim recites once he is in
    Ihram
    and has made his intention.
    Tamattu' enjoyable form of Hajj.
    Tarwiyya
    the eighth of Dhul-Hijja.
    Tawaf circumambulation of the Ka'bah
    Tawaf
    Al-lfadha tawaf for Hajj.
    Tawaf Al-Wadaa farewell Tawaf.
    Uhud the
    name of a mountain in Medina and the site of the battle by this name.
    Umar
    the second Muslim Caliph and first Prince of the believers.
    Umrah-minor
    Hajj the combination of Tawaf and Sa'yi.
    Uthman the third Muslim
    Caliph and second Prince of thebelievers.
    Wudhu ablution.

    allkany
    allkany
    .::عضو متألق::.
    .::عضو متألق::.


    الجنس : ذكر
    الانتساب الانتساب : 13/07/2010
    العمر العمر : 32
    المساهمات المساهمات : 1559
    نقاط التميز نقاط التميز : 1595
    تقيم المستوى تقيم المستوى : 5

    default رد: How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah

    مُساهمة من طرف allkany 2010-08-07, 7:13 am



    How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah 58
    ♥ﻣـ`ﺣـ`ـﻤــڍ ♥ٱڷــبغدادﮯ♥
    ♥ﻣـ`ﺣـ`ـﻤــڍ ♥ٱڷــبغدادﮯ♥
    المدير العام
    المدير العام


    الجنس : ذكر
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    default رد: How to Perform the Rituals of Hajj and Umrah

    مُساهمة من طرف ♥ﻣـ`ﺣـ`ـﻤــڍ ♥ٱڷــبغدادﮯ♥ 2010-09-19, 3:03 pm

    شكرا

      الوقت/التاريخ الآن هو 2022-11-30, 6:21 am