to Allah, Lord of the Universe. May peace and blessings be upon
the last of the prophets and messengers, and upon his family
esteemed companions. Hajj is one of the best forms of worship and
one of the most sublime deeds because it is one of the pillars of
that Allah sent Muhammad-may the peace and blessings of Allah be
him-with. A servant's religion is incomplete without it. A form of
is only acceptable when the following is true.
to Allah alone, with a desire for the Hereafter. It cannot
with the intention of being seen among people or for worldly
One follows the
Prophet's example, in words and deeds. This cannot be accomplished
except by gaining knowledge of the Sunnah.
There are three forms
of Hajj: Tamattu', Ifraad and Qiran.
pilgrim wears Ihram for Umrah only during the months of Hajj, which
when a pilgrim reaches Makkah, he/she makes Tawaf and Sa'yi for
Then shaves or clips the hair. On the day of Tarwiya, which is
eighth of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim puts on his Ihram for Hajj only and
out all of its requirements.
pilgrim wears Ihram for Hajj only. When he reaches Makkah, he
Tawaf for his arrival and Sa'yi for Hajj. He doesn't shave or
his hair as he doesn't disengage from Ihram. Instead, he remains
Ihram till after he stones Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day. It is
for him to postpone his Sa'yi for Hajj until after his
pilgrim wears Ihram for both Umrah and Hajj or he wears Ihram first
Umrah, then makes intentions for Hajj before his Tawaf for Hajj.
obligations on one performing Ifraad are the same as those on one
Qiran, except that the latter must slaughter whereas the
not obligated to do so. The best of the three forms is
is the form that the prophet-may the peace and blessings
of Allah be
upon him encouraged his followers to perform.
if a pilgrim makes intentions to
perform Qiran or Ifraad he is allowed
to change his intentions to
Tamattu'; he can do this even after he has
performed Tawaf and Sa'yi.
the Prophet - may the peace and
blessings of Allah be upon him-
performed Tawaf and Sa'yi during the
year of the Farewell Hajj with his
companions, he ordered all those
who hadn't brought sacrificial animals
to change their intentions for
Hajj to intentions for Umrah. cut their
hair, and disengage from
Ihram till Hajj. He said, " If I hadn't
brought the sacrificial
animal, I'd have done what I've ordered you to
a pilgrim wishes to be
ritually pure for Umrah, he should shed his
clothing and bathe as he
would after sexual defilement, if convenient.
He should perfume his
head and beard with the best oil he can find.
There is no harm in
what remains of it after Ihram.
for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women,
women and those experiencing postnatal
bleeding. After bathing and
preparing himself, a. pilgrim, other than
those menstruating or
experiencing post- natal bleeding, prays the
obligatory prayer, if it
is time. Otherwise, he makes his intention
by praying the two Sunnah
Rakass whichare made each time Wudhu is
finishes his prayer he should say: "Here I am for Umrah--here I am,
Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely
praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no
[Talbeeyah]. A man raises his voice when saying this and a woman says it
so that only one beside her may hear her.
in Ihram should say the Talbeeyah as often
as possible, especially when
times and places change. For example:
when descending or ascending
during travel or when day or night
approach. He should also ask Allah
for His pleasure, for Heaven and
seek refuge in Allah's mercy from
should say the Talbeeyah during
Umrah, starting from the time he puts
on his Ihram till he starts
Tawaf. During Hajj he should say it
starting from the time he puts on
his Ihram till he starts to stone
Al- Aqaba on the Eid
enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth his right foot first and
"In the name of Allah, may peace and blessings be upon the
of Allah. Oh Allah, forgive me my sins and open to me the
Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allah the Almighty and in His
Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan." He
the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses
this isn't possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to
It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by
the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following: "In the name of
Allah is the greatest. Oh, Allah, with faith in you, belief in
book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet
the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him."
pilgrim must walk, keeping the
Ka'bah on his left. When he reaches the
Rukn Al Yamani he should
touch, but not kiss it, and say: " Our Lord,
grant us good in this
life and good in the hereafter and save us from
the punishment of the
Hell-fire. Oh Allah, I beg of You for forgiveness
and health in this
life and in the Hereafter." Each time he passes the
Black Stone he
should say: "Allah is the Greatest."
the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he
pleases of supplications,
mentioning Allah, and recitation of Quran.
This is because Tawaf,
Sa'yi, and Stoning the Jamrah have been
devised for the purpose of
mentioning Allah. During this Tawaf it is
necessary for a man to do two
the beginning of Tawaf until the end. Al-ldhtebaa' means placing
middle of one's Reda' under his right arm and the ends of it over
left shoulder. When he is finished performing Tawaf, he may return
Reda' to its original state because the time for Idhtebaa' is only
the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up one's pace
small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his
four circuits. When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he
Maqam Ibrahim and recites: "And take ye the station of
Abraham as a
place of Prayer" Chapter 2, Verse 125 [2:125]. He prays
Rakaas, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam
During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter
during the second one Surah Al- lkhlas[Chapter 112]. When he
the two Rakaas he should return to the Black Stone and touch
convenient. He goes out to the Mesa'a and when he nears As-Safaa
recites: " Verily As- Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines of
ascends As-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka'bah.
Facing the Ka'bah
and raising his hands, he praises Allah and makes
any supplications he
chooses. The Prophet--may the peace and
blessings of Allah be upon
him--prayed thus: "There is no Deity but
Allah alone," three times,
supplicating in between.
descends As-Safaa and heads for Al-
Marwah at a normal pace until he
reaches the green marker. He should
then run fast until the next green
marker. He continues toward Al-
Marwah at a normal pace. When he
reaches it, he ascends it, faces the
Qibla, raises his hands and
repeats what he said on As-Safaa. He
descends Al-Marwah heading towards
As-Safaa, taking care to walk
where walking is designated, and run
where running is designated.
continues this procedure until he
completes seven laps. Going from
As-Safaa to Al-Marwah is a lap and
returning is another lap. During his
Sa'yi he may recite what he
wills of supplications, recitation of
Qur'an, and mentioning Allah.
completion of Sa'yi he shaves his
head. A woman clips her hair the
length of a finger tip. Shaving is
preferable, except when Hajj is near
and there isn't sufficient time
for hair to grow back. In this case
it's best to clip so that hair
will remain for shaving during Hajj.
With that, Umrah is completed.
and a pilgrim is free to dress in other
clothing, wear perfume and
engage in marital relations, etc.
the forenoon of the eighth day
of Dhul-Hijja, a pilgrim purifies
himself once again by bathing as
he did before Umrah in the place in
which he is staying, if
convenient. He puts on his Ihram and says: "
Here I am for Hajj. Here
I am, oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have
no partner. Here I
am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours,
and you have no
that something will prevent him from completing his Hajj he
make a condition when he makes his intentions, saying: " If I am
by any obstacle my place is wherever I am held up." If he has
such fear, he doesn't make this condition.
pilgrim goes to Mina and there prays Dhuhr, Asr,
Magrib, Isha and Fajr,
shortening his four unit prayers so as to make
them two units each,
without combining them.
the sun rises, he goes to Arafah
and there prays Dhuhr and Asr combined
at the time of Dhuhr, making
each one two units. He remains in Namira
Mosque until sunset if
possible. He remembers Allah and makes as many
possible while facing the Qibla. The Prophet-may the
blessing of Allah be upon him-prayed thus: "There is no Deity
Allah alone. He has no partner. All dominion and praise are His and
is powerful over all things.
he grows weary it is permissible for him to engage in
conversation with his companions or reading what he can
beneficial books, especially those concerning Allah's grace
abundant gifts. This will strengthen his hope in Allah. He should
return to his supplications and be sure to spend the end of the
deep in supplication because the best of supplication is the
of the day of Arafah.
he goes from Arafah to Muzdalifah and there prays Magrib, Isha,
Fajr. If he is tired or has little water, it is permissible for him
combine Magrib and Isha. If he fears that he will not reach
until after midnight, he should pray before he reaches it
for it is
not permissible to delay prayer until after midnight. He
there, in Muzdalifah, making supplications and remembering
just before sunrise.
is weak and cannot handle the crowd during Ar-Ramy, it is
for him to go to Mina at the end of the night to stone the
before the arrival of the crowd. Near sunrise, a pilgrim goes
to Mina. Upon reaching it he does the following:
consecutive pebbles at Jamrah Al-Aqaba which is the
to Makkah, saying: "Allah is the Greatest," as he
the sacrificial animal, eats some of it, and gives some to
Slaughter is obligatory on the Mutamati and Qiran.
He shaves or clips
his hair; shaving is preferable. A woman clips her hair the length of a
convenient, but there is no restriction if one precedes another.
that, one is allowed to come out
of Ihram. He can wear other clothing
and do everything that was
lawful before Ihram except engaging in
marital relations. He goes to
Makkah to perform Tawaf Al-lfadha and
Sa'yi, also for Hajj. It is
Sunnah to put perfume on before going to
the completion of this Tawaf and
Sa'yi, a pilgrim is allowed to do
everything that was lawful before
Ihram, including engaging in marital
relations. After performing
Tawaf and Sa'yi, he returns to Mina to
spend the nights of the
eleventh and twelfth days there.
stones the three Jamrah in the afternoon of both the
twelfth days. He starts with the first Jamrah, which is
Makkah, then the middle one, and lastly Jamrah
Al-Aqaba. Each one
should be stoned with seven consecutive pebbles
accompanied by Takbeer.
He stops after the first and middle Jamrah to
make supplications facing
the Qibla. It is not permissible to stone
before noon on these two
days. It is best to walk to the Jamrah, but
riding is permissible.
is in a hurry after stoning on the twelfth day, he leaves Mina
sunset. But if he wishes to prolong his stay, which is best, he
the night of the thirteenth in Mina and stones that afternoon in
manner as on the twelfth day.
he is ready to return to his country, he makes
Tawaf Al-Wadaa, which is
seven circuits around the Ka'bah.
Menstruating women and women
experiencing postnatal discharge are not
obligated to perform
Tawaf Al -Wadaa.
Visiting The Prophet's Mosque
A pilgrim goes to Madina
before or after Hajj with the intention of
visiting the Prophet's
mosque and praying in it. Prayer there is better
than a thousand
prayers elsewhere except in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.
2. Upon reaching the mosque he prays
two Rakaas of salutation or performs any obligatory prayer that is due.
He goes to the grave of the
Prophet -may the peace and blessings of
Allah be upon him - and he
stands before it. He greets him saying the
"May the peace, mercy, and
blessings of Allah be upon you, oh Prophet.
May Allah grant you a
good reward on behalf of your people. " He takes
a step or two to his
right to position himself before Abu-Bakr and
greets him saying :
"May the peace, mercy, and blessing of Allah be
upon you. oh
Abu-Bakr, Caliph of the Messenger of Allah. May Allah be
you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's
Then he takes a step or two to his right to position himself
Umar and greets him saying: " May the peace, mercy and blessings
Allah be upon you, oh Umar, Prince of the believers. May Allah be
with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad's
4. In a state of purity, he goes to pray
in Qubaa Mosque.
goes to Al-Baqee to visit Uthman's grave- may Allah be pleased with
He stands before it and greets him saying: "May the peace, mercy
blessing of Allah be upon you, oh Uthman- Prince of the believers.
Allah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of
people." He greets any other Muslims in Al-Baqee.
He goes to Uhud and visits the
grave of Hamza- may Allah be pleased
with him- and the other martyrs
there with him. He greets them and
preys to Allah to grant them
forgiveness, mercy, and pleasure.
The following is incumbent upon the
Muhrim for Hajj or Umrah:
That he be committed to Allah's religious obligations upon him such as
prayer in its time (in congregation for men).
That he avoids what Allah has
prohibited such as obscenity, inequity,
and disobedience. if anyone
undertakes Hajj therein. Let there be no
obscenity, nor wickedness,
nor wrangling during Hajj ~ [2:197].
3. That he avoids harming the Muslims with words or actions
within the Masha'ir or elsewhere.
4. That he avoids all of the restrictions of Ihram:<blockquote>
He shouldn't cause the loss of any
of his hair or nails. A prick by a
thorn and the like is
unobjectionable, even if there is bleeding.
He shouldn't perfume himself, his clothing,
his food or his drink after
entering Ihram. He should also abstain
from cleansing himself with
scented soap. There is no harm in what
remains of the effect of perfume
used prior to Ihram.
c. He shouldn't touch, kiss, etc. his
spouse out of passion and, even worse, shouldn't have sexual
shouldn't be wed or propose to a woman for himself or others.
e. He shouldn't wear gloves, although
there is no harm in wrapping the hands in cloth. This ruling goes for
both men and women.</blockquote>
The following pertains specifically to men:<blockquote>
He cannot cover his head with
something that touches it, although there
is no harm in the use of an
umbrella, the roof of a car or tent for
shade. There is also no harm
in carrying his baggage atop his head.
He cannot wear a shirt, turban, hooded cloak
trousers, or shoes. Only
if he is unable to obtain an Ezar or sandals
can he wear trousers or
c. He cannot wear anything with the same qualities of the
above mentioned such as an Abea', Qubaa, hat, undershirt, etc.</blockquote>
is permissible for him to wear
sandals, rings, glasses, a hearing aid.
a watch, worn on his wrist or
hung from his neck, or a speech aid. It
is permissible for him to
cleanse himself with unscented cleansers and
to wash and scratch his
head and body, even if some of his hair falls
such a case there is no obligation on him because
woman cannot wear a Niqab or
Burqa'. The Sunnah is for her to uncover
her face except if men not
related to her might see her, in which case
it is obligatory for her
to cover her face during Ihram and otherwise.
Allah is the giver of
success. May His blessings be upon our Prophet
Muhammad and all of
his family and companions.
By the needy before Allah, Muhammad As-Salih Al-Uthaimeen
Abaya' cloak-like, woolen wrap.
Bakr first Muslim Caliph.
Al-Baqee' a place in Madina.
placing the middle of the Reda' under the right arm and the ends ofit
over the left shoulder during Tawaf.
Al-lkhlas Chapter 112 of
theQur'an(Purity of Faith).
Al-Kafirun Chapter 109 of the Qur'an (
Those who reject Faith).
Al-Marwah name of the hillock where a Muslim
Al-Raml walking quickly but with small steps during
the first three circuits of Tawaf.
Arafah the most important stop
during Hajj, located beyond Muzdalifah.
Ar-Ramy The Stoning.
name of the hillock where a Muslim ends his last lap of Sa'yi.
the afternoon prayer.
Burqa' a face veil like a Niqab.
the twelfth month of the Islamic calendar.
Dhuhr the noon prayer.
celebration for Muslims.
Ezaar lower cloth of Ihram.
Hajj official Muslim pilgrimage to Makkah.
Hamza one of
the Prophet's uncles and a martyr during the battle of Uhud.
isolated form of Hajj.
Ihram the ceremonial state of making Hajj or
the Hajj garments themselves.
Isha night prayer.
Jamrah Al Aqaba-the monument closest to Makkah.
the house of Allah in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.
Magrib dusk prayer.
Ibrahim the stepping stone of the prophet Abraham.
stretch between As- Safaa and Al - Marwah.
Mina one of the ceremonial shrines, a valley near Makkah.
the last of the prophets, the prophet of Islam.
Muhrim a person in
Mutamati a pilgrim performing Hajj Tamattu'.
of the ceremonial shrines of Hajj, between
Mina and Arafah.
mosque in Mina.
Niqab a face veil revealing the eyes through slashes
a pilgrim performing Hajj Qiran.
Qibla the direction Muslims face to
Qiraan Accompanied form of Hajj.
Quba a mosque in Madina,
used to be on the outskirts.
Qur'an the Book of Allah.
unit of prayer.
Reda' the upper cloth of Ihram.
Rukn Al Yamani-the
corner of the Ka'bah which faces Yemen.
Sa'yi the walk made between
As-Safaa and Al -Marwah.
Sunnah way of the Prophet.
chapter of the Qur'an.
Takbeer saying "Allahu Akbar ("Allah is
Talbeeya the supplication a Muslim recites once he is in
and has made his intention.
Tamattu' enjoyable form of Hajj.
the eighth of Dhul-Hijja.
Tawaf circumambulation of the Ka'bah
Al-lfadha tawaf for Hajj.
Tawaf Al-Wadaa farewell Tawaf.
name of a mountain in Medina and the site of the battle by this name.
the second Muslim Caliph and first Prince of the believers.
Hajj the combination of Tawaf and Sa'yi.
Uthman the third Muslim
Caliph and second Prince of thebelievers.